Numbers 10-1000, currency, counting and more. Let's make some shopping!
Please remember what you learnt last time. Listen to Jan and repeat all of it. After repeating out loud, translate everything into English, and then answer a question. Er dere klare? - Are you ready? Let's begin!
|1||dere er flinke||you are good|
|2||å drikke||to drink|
|3||å ha lyst til||to want|
|4||å spise||to eat|
|7||ei or en saft||juice with sugar|
|9||en brus||a soda|
|10||en or ett tusen||thousand|
|11||en hvitvin||a white wine|
|12||en jus||a juice|
|13||en kaffe||a coffee|
|14||en melk||a milk|
|15||en rødvin||a red wine|
|16||en øl||a beer|
|17||et vann||a water|
|22||grønn te||green tea|
|24||jeg er imponert||I’m amazed!|
|25||jeg er trøtt||I'm tired|
|26||jeg sier||I say|
|29||norsk krone||Norwegian krone|
|30||norsk øre||Norwegian cents|
|35||svart te||black tea|
|42||veldig sulten||very hungry|
|43||vi skal telle||we will count|
|44||vi skal telle sammen||we will count together|
- - Hei alle sammen. Hvordan går det med dere? Går det fint? Bra! Jeg er Ema. Og dette er Jan. Hallo, Jan.
- - Hei, Ema. Hei, alle sammen. Det er hyggelig å treffes igjen.
Hello, there! We only used Norwegian in the introduction! Did you understand ? Did you understand almost everything or maybe even everything? Great! Veldig bra! Today we are going to learn to count and try to do shopping in a grocery store. How wonderful.
- - Hva sier du?
- - Jeg sier at vi skal telle. I have just told Ema that today we are going to count. Did you understand my phrase: jeg sier – I tell at – that vi skal telle.
- jeg sier
- I tell
About shopping. I didn‘t tell Ema about it, so let‘s just keep it as a secret for a while, OK? Have you done your homework from the second lesson? You think that I have already forgotten it? Nei nei. I didn‘t forget the homework from the third lesson either. So, if you have not already learned it, play the earlier lessons quickly and learn! It‘s really fun to learn with norwegianABC.com!
Let‘s begin with numbers. La oss begynne.
Norwegian currency is krone – norsk krone, en krone or ei krone – masculine or feminine gender.
One norsk krone consists of one hundred øre. But Norway recently changed their currency system, so now the lowest valued coin is 1 krone. The word øre means „ear“ also. But if money øre is en øre – of masculine gender, an ear is a noun of neuter gender – et øre. As you can see, learning the gender of a noun is very important – veldig viktig!
- en øre (masculine gender)
- et øre (neuter gender)
- an ear
Let‘s go back to numbers. I‘ll ask you to count from 1 to 10 in Norwegian.
How did you do? I hope you don‘t lie about doing it! OK, let‘s count together:
- - Én, ei, ett to, tre, fire, fem, seks, sju eller syv, åtte, ni, ti.
In Norwegian we can say „seven“ as ,,syv” or ,,sju”. ”Syv“ is more commonly used in spoken language, and in formal written language it is more common to use „sju“. It doesn‘t matter which one you like more. We have to learn to pronounce both words correctly: syv/sju.
- - Ema, kan du hjelpe oss med uttale? Ema, can you help us pronounce it?
- - Ja, jeg kan hjelpe - syv/sju.
You probably have a question, why are there three words for a number „one“, and when should we use each of them? Oh my, you may think that there‘s got to be some kind of a complicated grammar rule.
I‘ll make you all happy – truly not, it‘s very simple! Remember, we have been talking about noun genders in the first lesson. There are three of them, and each gender is marked by a different article. Do you remember the articles?
Articles en, ei, et sound just like the number „one“, right? So whichever „one“ - en, ei or ett – we use, depends on the gender of a noun.
For instance, if we want to say „one girl“, how do we say that? Think a little longer.
- - Éi jente
- - Ja, riktig, correct, one girl - ei jente.
Ei – the article to a noun of feminine gender, ei jente – a noun of feminine gender, so we have combined them perfectly. If we want to say one house, house is „ett hus“ – a noun of neuter gender. And if we talk about „one car“, „en bil“ – a noun of masculine gender.
- One house
- ett hus
- One girl
- ei jente
- One car
- en bil
Let‘s continue and learn to count to twenty. It‘s quite simple! Repeat after us, don‘t forget to look at it in a fun way, and relax :
- tjue tyve
Here it is, that special syllable „tj“, which wemeet in the number „twenty“ – tjue. Do you remember that we have to pronounce it like a mixture of syllablees „ch“ and „sh”? Don’t say “ch”, don’t say “sh” either, let’s try together: tj, tjue.
- - I am a little tired. Jeg er trøtt.
- - Er du trøtt, Jan? Vel, jeg skal telle: Elleve, tolv, tretten, fjorten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten, tjue / tyve. Ufff.. jeg er trøtt også...
- - Jeg er imponert! I’m amazed! Jeg skal si det en gang til – I’ll repeat it once again – jeg skal si det en gang til – jeg er imponert , Ema! Tusen takk skal du ha! Thank you very much! And now I’m going to continue.
20 is tyve. By the way, have you noticed, that „twenty“ and „seven“ sound very similar – „tjue“ and „sju“? So, if you say „seven“ in Norwegian, you should use „syv“. That‘s more simple, and you won‘t mix „seven“ and „twenty“ .
Now let‘s try to say „twenty one“. In Norwegian it will be a one compound word. Let‘s try.
- tjuesju or tjuesyv
- - Ema, now it‘s your turn to count from twenty to twenty nine. And you, our students, can relax a bit, make some tea or something , and repeat together:
- - Tjue, tjueen, tjueto, tjuetre, tjuefire, tjuefem, tjueseks, tjuesju eller tjuesyv, tjueåtte, tjueni.
Did you manage to remember? Går det bra? Everything is fine! Dere er veldig flinke! Let‘s continue!
In exactly the same way – saying the ten and adding a number in Norwegian – we can say „thirty five“, „fifty seven“. But of course at first we need to learn all the tens, right? Want to try? Let‘s repeat together:
- tjue tyve
Perhaps you think the words – „thirteen“-tretten and „thirty“-tretti, „fifteen“-femten and „fifty“-femti sounds very similar.
Pay attention to the point that when spelling ordinal numbers, that is numbers from thirteen till nineteen, we can hear the ending -n : tretten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten. And when spelling tens, we will hear the ending -ti, that is: tretti, førti, femti, seksti, sytti, åtti, nitti.
But maybe learning numbers seems difficult for you. In fact, it is not difficult, but we are learning many of them all at once in this lesson. Remember how you used to learn things in preschool, or school? We used to not rush, and repeated things many times. In the beginning we learned to count to ten, then – to twenty, and later – to one hundred. So, don‘t hurry and repeat the material of our lesson till you manage all the numbers.
With norwegianABC.com you can do it everywhere, at any comfortable time and cosy place! Sing the numbers loudly in the shower, repeat them in your head when running on a treadmill in a gym or along a path in a park, loudly name them together with us when driving to work in the mornings, or silently speak nodding in a trolleybus, or maybe sitting comfortably on a couch. What matters is that you should listen to norwegianABC.com lessons till you learn everything perfectly.
- - sant, Ema? Isn't that true, Ema?
- - Ja. Ja.
Let‘s count one more time together from zero to ten. Vi skal telle sammen. We will count together. Sammen – together. A warm, sociable word, so let‘s learn it, and this phrase also: vi skal telle sammen.
- Vi skal telle sammen.
- We will count together.
Let‘s begin, la oss begynne:
null, en, to, tre, fire, fem, seks, sju, åtte, ni, ti
Now – from eleven to twenty:
elleve, tolv, tretten, fjorten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten, tjue
Well, and now from twenty one to twenty nine:
tjueen, tjueto, tjuetre, tjuefire, tjuefem, tjueseks, tjuesju, tjueåtte, tjueni
And now we‘ll count in tens from ten to one hundred:
ti, tjue, tretti, førti, femti, seksti, sytti, åtti, nitti, hundre
Uff... Veldig bra! Here I‘m praising not only you, but myself too. We have done some counting in a fun way.
And now let’s play. I will say a number, and you say it in Norwegian. Remember how tens are made? For instance, ”fifty seven” – we say ”fifty” at first, and then ”seven”, femtisju. Let‘s begin. Don‘t worry, you know that I will help you. So, I say a number, and you say it in Norwegian. OK? After a short pause you will hear the correct answer. Don‘t be tense, you can do it.
La oss begynne:
- Thirty four
- Forty four
- Fifty seven
- femtisju or femtisyv
- Sixty nine
- Seventy eight
- Eighty three
- Ninety five
Veldig bra. Flott. Very good. Great. You see, it‘s not difficult at all. You have learned to spell a hundred words already. And now let‘s learn another thousand words! I am not forcing you, we are just going to learn to spell numbers till one thousand in a simple way „one hundred“ is en/ ett hundre. „Two hundred“ is to hundre, „three hundred“ - tre hundre. Simple, right? You can count from one to nine, and „one hundred“ will be hundre.
As simple as a child‘s game, as my grandmother used to say. So, „four hundred“ fire hundre, „five hundred“ fem hundre, „six hundred“ seks hundre, „seven hundred“ sju hundre, „eight hundred“ åtte hundre, „nine hundred“ ni hundre, „a thousand“ - en or ett tusen.
- en/ ett hundre
- to hundre
- tre hundre
- fire hundre
- fem hundre
- seks hundre
- sju hundre
- åtte hundre
- ni hundre
- en / ett tusen
And now this is the last time you will suffer a bit from numbers.
Let‘s learn to spell hundreds. For instance, „two hundred fifty two“ will be to hundre og femtito. „One hundred and five“ - hundre og fem. You have already noticed, that I say it with the word „and“ – og. Norwegians say it this way: one hundred – and – five, two hundred – and – fifty two.
It‘s important: when spelling hundreds, and when adding tens or units to them, we always say "og".
Let‘s listen to more examples. „three hundred and three“ - tre hundre og tre, „six hundred and seventy“ - seks hundre og sytti.
- two hundred fifty two
- to hundre og femtito
- one hundred and five
- hundre og fem
- three hundred and three
- tre hundre og tre
- six hundred and seventy
- seks hundre og sytti
And now you try. Ema will say a number in Norwegian, and you say how it sounds in English. After a pause I will tell you the answer. Ready? Let‘s begin:
- hundre og seks
- One hundred and six
- hundre og syttien
- One hundred and seventy one
- to hundre og en
- Two hundred and one
- to hundre og nittisju
- Two hundred and ninety seven
- tre hundre og førtifem
- Three hundred and forty five
And how did you do? I suspect, that the first times might be difficult. Still, if you faithfully listen several times, I’m sure, that after some time you will count as easily as Norwegians. We wish you all, good luck! Lykke til.
So, that’s all about numbers. I think it’s enough for today, really. Don’t forget to repeat the material of this lesson, till you learn to count correctly until one thousand.
Well, are you still capable to go shopping with us today? What do you think? It would be fun, wouldn‘t it? Perhaps we are hungry and thirsty after that number business. So let‘s say:
- I am hungry.
- Jeg er sulten.
- I am thirsty.
- Jeg er tørst.
- I am hungry and thirsty.
- Jeg er sulten og tørst.
And now let’s ask our companion if he is hungry. Er du sulten? Er is a form of the verb – å være – å være – in present tense. Er du sulten? Word by word – are you hungry? According to a rule of Norwegian question making, we put „er“ into the first place, then - du sulten.
- - Er du sulten?
- - Ohh ja, jeg er sulten. Jeg er veldig sulten.
Ema is saying that she is very hungry - veldig sulten . Let’s ask if she is thirsty.
- - Er du tørst, Ema?
- - Ja, jeg er veldig tørst. Jeg har lyst til å drikke.
Javel. Well, Ema is very thirsty, too. She has just said an unknown phrase: Jeg har lyst til å drikke. What words in this phrase do we know already? Jeg is „I“, yes, that‘s right. Har lyst til - „I want“. An infinitive of a saying is spelled together with the infinitive particle ,,å”: å ha lyst til. After this saying we can use a verb only in its infinitive form, like this: jeg har lyst til å drikke. Å drikke – to drink.
- har lyst til
- I want
- å drikke
- to drink
If we want to say that we want some kind of a thing or an object, but not to do something, we will say it this way: jeg har lyst på... and then we’ll say the noun, or what we want. Well, let’s say: jeg har lyst på bil – I want a car. Jeg har lyst på bil. A good wish, right? But we won’t buy a car today, we’ll go to buy some food, OK? So, then it would be better to say it this way: Jeg har lyst til å drikke og å spise.
- å spise
- to eat
Let’s go to the grocery store. So, what are we going to buy for a drink? Maybe water?
- et vann
- en melk
- Juice without sugar
- en jus or en juice
- Juice with sugar
- ei or en saft
- en brus
I know what we should buy to stay awake and capable of learning as much Norwegian as possible – coffee. En kaffe. By the way, when Norwegians say en kaffe, they have in mind not only ”coffee”, but also ”a cup of coffee”.
- en kaffe
- a cup of coffee
And maybe we can quench our thirst with tea?
- En te
- Black tea
- svart te
- Green tea
- grønn te
- Jeg liker grønn te.
- I like green tea.
But we‘ll talk about our likes later, and now I‘m going to name more drinks. Whereas you, while calmly sipping your favourite one, can listen, repeat and learn.
Well, maybe we could taste some strong drinks? Such as beer, which English people like so much.
- en øl
- en vin
- White wine
- en hvitvin
- Red wine
- en rødvin
If you want to buy some wine or other strong drinks in Norway, you‘ll have to go to a specialized shop – et vinmonopol.
- - Jan, jeg har lyst til å spise. Jeg er veldig sulten. Kan vi avslutte nå?
Did you understand? Ema is saying, that she wants to eat: jeg har lyst til å spise. And she also asked if we can finish now - kan vi avslutte nå? Well... That’s it for today, maybe it’s really time to have a meal.
In our next lesson we will definitely continue shopping and learning a lot of useful phrases – words in a beautiful and proper Norwegian language – together with norwegianABC.com – it’s fun to learn! See you next time, ha det bra, vi høres!
- - Ha det bra alle sammen, vi høres!